July 18, 2024

The DPR Parties Have Not Optimized Transparency

Transparency International Indonesia (TII) has assessed the central management of political parties that hold seats in the House of Representatives (DPR). Nine parties are deemed in need of optimization efforts regarding capacity and finance transparency practices. TII evaluates this based on internal regulations, structure and human resources dimensions, as well as information openness. In each dimension, an average score of 26%-50% is obtained, indicating a tendency towards not optimal performance.”

“From our findings, not a single political party has a blue color, indicating an optimal condition. Even the best-performing party, Gerindra, is still tending towards optimal but not entirely optimal,” said TII researcher Sahel Muzammil during the “International Anti-Corruption Festival 2023” at Muhammadiyah University Jakarta (UMJ), South Tangerang, Banten (12/14).

Furthermore, Sahel explained that in the dimension of internal finance regulations, only the Great Indonesia Movement Party (Partai Gerakan Indonesia Raya or Gerindra) falls under the category of tending towards optimal. Meanwhile, the remaining eight political parties—Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle (Partai Demokrasi Indonesia Perjuangan or PDIP), Golkar Party, National Democratic Party (Nasdem), National Awakening Party (Partai Kebangkitan Bangsa or PKB), Democrat Party, Prosperous Justice Party (Partai Keadilan Sejahtera or PKS), National Mandate Party (Partai Amanat Nasional or PAN), United Development Party (Partai Persatuan Pembangunan or PPP)—are categorized as tending towards not optimal. And PDIP is categorized as the least optimal party.

“In the dimension of open information, Gerindra is categorized as tending towards optimal. The other five political parties, PDIP, Nasdem, PKB, PKS, PAN, are categorized as tending towards not optimal. And three parties are categorized as not maximal, namely; Golkar, Democrat, and PPP,” he explained.

TII also found that the nine political parties do not always comply with the standards set by the law. Eight out of nine political parties do not disclose their finance records, list of contributors, and the amount of contributions received. The nine parties have also not followed up on the Political Party Integrity System (SIPP) launched by the Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) and the Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI) in 2018.

“From the perspective of institutional professionalism, the nine parties also show that professionalism has not yet become a fully ingrained culture within political party internals, such as the steps for strengthening the internal party capacity,” he concluded. []


Translated by Catherine Natalia